Varicose veins are large, raised, swollen blood vessels that twist and turn. They usually develop in the legs and can be seen through the skin.
Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that also twist and turn. Spider veins are easily visible through the skin, as well, typically on the legs and face.
Not everybody with varicose or spider veins has pain or other symptoms.
Causes of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
A number of factors predispose a person to varicose veins and spider veins. These include:
- Occupations that involve a lot of standing, such as nurses, checkout operators, surgeons, teachers, and factory workers – a wide variety of occupations
- Changes in air pressure particularly for flight attendants
- Hormonal influences of pregnancy, puberty, and menopause
- Hormone replacement therapy or the use of birth control pills
- A history of blood clots – Please consult a physician for the correct level of compression therapy
- Other reported causes include trauma or injury to the skin, previous vein surgery, and exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Varicose veins and spider veins develop more often in women than in men. They increase in frequency with age. An estimated 30% to 60% of adults have varicose veins or spider veins.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
Many people with varicose veins complain of pain, described as a cramping or aching in the legs. Other common symptoms include tiredness, restlessness, burning, throbbing, tingling, or heaviness in the legs. Pain from these veins is usually relieved by elevating the legs or by wearing an appropriate support hose. We recommend JINNI MD Brand – top quality and affordable.
In women, symptoms may be worse during certain parts of the menstrual cycle or during pregnancy. Less common is swelling, ulcers and a darkening of the skin, especially in the ankle region. Occasionally, varicose veins can form a painful blood clot with inflammation of the vein, a condition called thrombophlebitis.
Thrombophlebitis (throm-boe-fluh-BY-tis) occurs when a blood clot blocks one or more of your veins, typically in your legs.
The affected vein may be near the surface of your skin, causing superficial thrombophlebitis, or deep within a muscle, causing deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Thrombophlebitis can be caused by trauma, surgery or prolonged inactivity.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is an important concern on long plane flights where inactivity combined with air pressure variations can result in this dangerous condition. For this reason compression travel socks and stocking are popular with travellers. They also help with support for tired legs on tours and conferences.
Superficial thrombophlebitis may occur in people with varicose veins.
Self-Managed Treatment Options for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
The most conservative approach is simply to wear properly-fitting support hose, especially when the veins cause painful or uncomfortable symptoms. Please visit JINNI MD to learn more about the JINNI MD range of compression garments. JINNI MD are available in below-the-knee, above-the-knee (thigh high), maternity, chaps and pantyhose styles.
Good skin hygiene, weight loss (if needed), and exercise, particularly walking, can help treat varicose veins and spider veins.
There are many medical options for the treatment of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins. To decide which is best for you please consult your doctor.